History of cannabis | Fifth Ave Green House
Where does hemp come from?
As a plant hemp (Cannabis sativa) was originally found in Central Asia via China and Mesopotamia. It has been used in various forms for thousands of years, although some of the earliest traces indicate that China was the first country to grow and use marijuana.
Cannabis in ancient times
The use of hemp in China goes back at least to the Neolithic, as hemp flower prints on ceramics from the Yangshao culture around the 5th millennium BC. Testify.
Agriculture in China goes back to the legendary Shennong dynasty. Fragments of cannabis dating back 3400 years have been unearthed in Gaocheng Taixi Village in Hebei Province, the site of the Shang Dynasty.
Hemp is included in the “six grains” mentioned in the spring and autumn annals of Lu shi (whether the grains contain hemp is controversial). This is because hemp has many uses. For example, hemp fiber can be used to weave fishing nets, twist ropes, make clothing, and other raw materials. Hemp seeds can also be eaten directly or processed into edible oils and various foods. The earliest extant Chinese medicine book “Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing” has “Hemp Ben (hemp ren with clam called hemp Ben) eat more, people spirit, crazy walk, long time to conquer the gods” record. Some scientists also believe that hemp is the source of the psychoactive component of hemp cooking powder made by Zhonghua Tuo. The seeds, stems, and leaves of hemp are also widely used in the formulation of traditional Chinese herbal medicine. For example, there are hundreds of records of the medicinal and health uses of hemp in the Compendium of the Materia Medica. For example, the Classic Avesta book lists more than 10,000 medicinal plants and cannabis.
Similar applications have also been made in other countries and regions.
It is believed that cannabis was grown in Japan in the pre-lithic period for its fiber and food, possibly even for its psychoactive properties, although this cannot be verified. On the Oki Islands near Japan and an archaeological site of cannabis achenes (a type of dried fruit) from 8000 BC.
The cannabis plant has been used in Indian society since at least 2000 BC. Used. The cannabis flower (ganja), resin (charas), and seads and leaves (bhang) were all made and used in society, mainly in religious practices. The Hindu God Lord Shiva is known for his love for cannabis and those devoted worshipers who smoke charas are a deep part of their religious practice.
Arabs may have learned from the Egyptians to dip marijuana in boiling water and then inhale it to relieve their illness. The death of a mummified woman found in the Altai Mountains in 1993, believed to have been caused by a marijuana overdose to alleviate the effects of cancer and osteomyelitis, may have been the first of its kind. In addition, marijuana has been used in a variety of ways throughout history. The first paper was made from hemp fiber in China around AD 100.
Early cannabis use in the west
Cannabis was introduced relatively late in the West, with the earliest recorded cannabis in Europe around 270 BC. BC and was not widespread until the 16th century.
Marijuana, like most traditional drugs, has long been perfectly legal or even encouraged or compelled to be grown, as in the United States. Marijuana dates back to colonial times in American history. In 1611, the British settlers in Jamestown, Virginia, grew the cannabis plants because the hemp fiber can be used to make sails and ropes. From their by-product, wooden ships can be made from oak, making marijuana a major commodity and even a strategic commodity.
But because cannabis uses so much of the land’s fertility and has so little economic value, farmers’ interest has been limited, and at some point they have paid fines instead of growing it. From the King of England to the colonial government, only semi-imperative methods could be used. In 1619, the Virginia Legislative Assembly passed the first law governing marijuana in the United States. The law stipulated that every farmer must grow marijuana. George Washington, founding father and first President of the United States, grew hemp on his farm. Yes, that’s right, he grew himself and wasn’t alone. At this time, some prominent figures and founding fathers also grew hemp. John Adams Thomas Jefferson, James Madison and Benjamin Franklin grew hemp.
In 1762, Virginia again made marijuana growers compulsory for farmers. The Legalization of marijuana in the United States was thus confirmed and strengthened. For more than a century after that, marijuana was one of the major non-food cash crops in the United States and the main drug for hundreds of diseases that have never been legalized.
Marijuana became a medicinal drug.
In 1839 Shaughnessy began studying cannabis in Western medicine. In 1854 the US Pharmacopoeia listed the term “cannabis” as a medicinal product and stated that too high a dose could have “worrying effects”. In the decades that followed, drugs containing cannabis resin were widely used as pain relievers and sedatives. The researchers tried to extract the useful components used in drug manufacture, but there were great difficulties in separating and purifying them. In 1898 they managed to extract the first active component, “red oil” (actually the marijuana), but it took about thirty years to finally reproduce the results. They succeeded again in 1931, but the extracted mixture was more impure than a presentation of a single component. It was not until 1940 that the molecular structure was finally identified.
Marijuana has not been used as a pharmaceutical preparation for a long time because it was quickly discovered that it did not have a “stable” effect on treatment. Instead, it was found to cause anxiety, hubris, depression, confusion, and other psychiatric symptoms, as well as increased heart rates and decreased coordination. Poor dose control can make symptoms worse. And when marijuana abuse was supposed to know and compound the side effects of marijuana, in 1913 the California Medicines Agency became the most active control of the marijuana state (but there are also people who believe that this period of weed control is the result of racial discrimination because in the United States at that time use among whites was much less than that of other races despite the portion of American society that relied on traditional Puritan thought based, may have played a role as well.
In 1914 the US Congress approved The Harrison Narcotic Bill Control cocaine and marijuana. By 1931, 30 states had banned the use or possession of marijuana through new laws or amendments to existing laws. In 1937, the United States Medical Association (ACP) firmly rejected the case. Congress passed a marijuana tax used for recreational marijuana use, illegal, medical and industrial, to impose an excise tax, although all research shows that marijuana is not an addictive substance. Nor is there enough evidence to show a link between crime and marijuana.
Marijuana is addicting.
During World War II, when Japan cut the fiber of Asia, the US Department of Agriculture encouraged the cultivation of marijuana for parachutes, tents, ropes, etc. The slogan was “Hemp for Victory” and a special “War Industrial” was created for the occasion Hemp Board “created.
Twice in 1954 and 1957 the World Health Organization (WHO) came to no therapeutic value for cannabis. Also in 1965, the group said: “Cannabis abuse has harmed society, characterized by individual drugs that fail to fulfill their social functions, making society easier and anti-social behavior, causing economic loss to society.
But they also pointed out in 1969 that “marijuana is not an addictive substance, but a dependent drug”.
In 1961 the single became Convention on Narcotic Drugs, passed by the United Nations, combined cannabis, opium, coca and its derivatives (such as morphine, heroin and cocaine) with serious addictive substances.
The regulation of marijuana
THC was artificially synthesized in 1964 by Raphael Mechoulam of the Hebrew University of Israel, the first artificially synthesized cannabinoid.
In 1971, US President Richard Nixon founded the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), which included heroin and cocaine as well as marijuana as a class I drug. The decision is seen as critical to the regulation of cannabis.
In August 1975, taking into account the traditional economic and medicinal value of cannabis plants, the United Nations amended the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, expressly stating that “this convention is not applicable to the cultivation of cannabis plants solely for industrial purposes (fiber and seeds) or for horticultural purposes Purposes. “The United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances, adopted in December 1988, also states that” due consideration must be given to “historically proven conventional legitimate USES and environmental protection”.
Marijuana is still used medicinally.
Despite the conclusions of the WHO (which may also be related to the political environment of the time), research into the medical value of cannabis is currently being conducted. In 1986, THC, a key ingredient in cannabinoids, was approved in the United States as an anti-vomiting agent for patients undergoing cancer chemotherapy.
In 1990 cannabinoid receptors were discovered. In 1992, Devane isolated the first endocannabinoid from the pig brain, arachidonoylethanolamide, known as anandamide. The discovery of these two substances has led to a new level of research into the potential medicinal value of cannabis. Studies have shown that medicinal cannabinoid compounds can help treat certain terminal diseases (cancer and AIDS), increase appetite, relieve pain, and reduce nausea in patients undergoing chemotherapy. It also relieves neurological symptoms such as seizures and migraines. More importantly, many cannabinoid compounds (like cannabidiol) associated with these physiological activities are not psychoactive compounds and are hardly addictive.
Since then, many states and countries have rediscovered what was known thousands of years ago in India, China and Central Asia, but can now substantiate it with scientific evidence. Cannabis serves a wide variety of functions and can provide significant health benefits that can be used as a treatment to relieve the pain and symptoms of many diseases. It has grown from a small insignificant niche to a billion dollar industry and only seems to get bigger.
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