Top 10 cannabinoids | Fifth Ave Green House

Marijuana use has been shown to have far-reaching effects.

These depend heavily on the strain of cannabis, potency, the way cannabis is consumed, and several other factors.

With some cannabis strains you may feel relaxed and sluggish, while other cannabis products can fill you with energy and inspire you with a creative onslaught.

Cannabis is used to treat a wide variety of medicinal effects, both physical and neurological.

These effects depend on the cannabinoids and compounds found in the plant. Not all cannabis is created equal, and its makeup determines its effects when interacting with the human body.

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What are cannabinoids?

Cannabinoids occur naturally in cannabis and are similar to the endogenous cannabinoids that are produced in the endocannabinoid system (ECS) of our body.

These cannabinoids made in plants like cannabis are called phytocannabinoids, and the body can use these to replace and make up for the lack of endocannabinoids in the body. These endocannabinoids produced in the body promote homeostasis, which regulates the immune system and the body’s internal health.

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How do cannabinoids work?

Despite its millennia of use, it was only relatively recently that we discovered the source of the effects cannabis has on the body.

In the 1960s and 70s, research into cannabis led to the discovery of the endocannabinoid system (ECS). As research continued, it was discovered that cannabinoids bind to receptors throughout the brain and body. These receptors came in two different classes. CB-1 and CB-2.

CB-1 are the most common receptors in the central nervous system.

CB-2 are the most common receptors in the body’s peripheral nervous system.

Cannabinoids interact with receptors in a similar way to other chemical compounds in the body. They act like a key in a lock. They bind to the receptors that contain enzymes that allow the cannabinoids to break down and unlock the effects.

A number of cannabinoids have been identified, and some of them have very different effects, consistent with the type and location of the receptors with which they interact.

There are two most commonly known cannabinoids, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD); However, the number of cannabinoids and cannabinoid acids goes way beyond that.

Now let’s take a look at the ten most common types of cannabinoids and acids, along with their effects and benefits for your health:

THC / tetrahydrocannabinol

THC is best known as the cannabinoid, which contains the psychoactive compound found in cannabis. It has also been shown to be neuroprotective and has analgesic effects.


Reduces nausea, muscle relaxant, antioxidant, relieves cramps, increases appetite, relieves pain and relieves glaucoma pressure.

Used for treatment

Glaucoma, nausea, anxiety, and depression.

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THCV / tetrahydrocannabivarin

THCV is a psykohactive and an appetite suppressant. Research shows that this compound could be helpful in treating metabolic disorders.


Decreases seizures, decreases appetite, bone stimulant.

Used for treatment

Neuropathy and multiple sclerosis.

CBN / cannabinol

CBN is mild to non-psychoactive and is generally considered to be calming. The typical amount of CBN found in most cannabis samples is less than 1%. It is mainly found in aged cannabis.


Relieves cramps, pain relievers, sleep aids, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant agents.

Used for treatment


THCA / tetrahydrocannabinolic acid

THCA is the most well-known compound in fresh, undried cannabis. It is a precursor to tetrahydrocannabinol. While THCA is not inherently psychoactive, it does have anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects.


Bone stimulant, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antifungal, lowers blood pressure and inhibits tumor cell growth.

Used for treatment


CBD / cannabidiol

CBD is one of the most well known compounds in cannabis and is not psychoactive. It. It is attributed to many health benefits and has resulted in many strains being fortified for higher levels of CBD. Extracted CBD is consumed to treat many diseases.


Antidiabetic, antipsoriatic, bone stimulant, inhibits tumor cell growth, lupus and arthritis, reduces artery blockages, relaxes veins and minimizes organ rejection.

Used for treatment


CBG / cannabigerol

CBG is the decarboxylated form of cannabigerolic acid. It’s not psychoactive and early studies have shown it to play an important role in fighting glaucoma symptoms, inflamed bowels, and treating bacterial infections like MRSA.


Bone stimulant, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antifungal, lowers blood pressure and inhibits tumor cell growth.

Used for treatment

Arthritis and fibromyalgia.

CBC / cannabichromene

CBC is one of the least understood cannabinoids. Research shows that it could be one of the most important. It is believed to stimulate bone growth and reduce inflammation. It has also been shown to have analgesic properties and potentiate the analgesic effects of THC.


Bone stimulant, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antifungal, lowers blood pressure, relaxes the veins.

Used for treatment

Chronic pain

CBDA / cannabidiolic acid

CBDA, like THCA, is one of the most important cannabinoids in fresh hemp.

It is the chemical precursor to cannabidiol. When decarboxylated, it produces CBD. CBDA is not psychoactive and has anti-inflammatory properties. It is believed to provide relief from nausea and vomiting.


Bone stimulant, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, lowers blood pressure.

Used for treatment

Chemotherapy-induced nausea / vomiting (CINV), infection, and inflammation.

CBDV / cannabidivarin

CBDV was somewhat overlooked until recently. CBDV is structurally similar to CBD (cannabidiol) and is not psychoactive. Much of the research on CBDV has to do with how it affects the neurochemical pathway of capsaicin receptors, making it useful as an anti-epileptic.


Bone stimulant, antiepileptic, anticonvulsant.

Used for treatment


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