What’s the best way to grow weed?

Soil is the most well-known and well-known growing medium. Cannabis and other plants have been grown in soil for many years. But there are now many additional soilless growing options for your cannabis.

A cannabis plant can grow and bloom in any medium, as long as the roots have room to expand and access fresh oxygen, water, and the right nutrients. However, the majority of growers will have a strong personal preference for a particular medium based on factors such as desired yield, ease of use, and grow space. The following is a list of the most typical mediums used by experienced growers in the cannabis industry:

Photo by CRYSTALWEED Cannabis via Unsplash

Growing cannabis in soil

Along with an outdoor planting area, constant monitoring, and a basic understanding of soil management, growing weeds in soil requires a lot of patience. Although most beginners use this strategy, there may be some trouble before you finally reap the rewards of your labors. You won’t have much trouble following the steps if you’ve ever grown plants indoors or outdoors.

The potential for success in outdoor cannabis cultivation is its greatest advantage. The size and height your plants can reach will provide you with a year of freshly produced cannabis if you have enough space to plant your seeds. The trick is to create and maintain perfect growing conditions that don’t just depend on the nutrients and growing properties of the soil.

Pros and cons of growing cannabis in soil


  • Reduced costs.
  • The process is easy to understand and follow
  • Requires no special equipment
  • Massive cannabis harvest
  • Eco-friendly technology.


  • Less control over the outcome.
  • Local weather and climate can be an issue.
  • Requires continuous monitoring.

Growing cannabis in rockwool

A substrate called rockwool is made by spinning molten basalt rock into fine strands. How is it related to marijuana cultivation? Rockwool seems to be the ideal substrate for hydroponic growing systems. Rockwool is widely used in commercial cannabis production and is not overlooked by home hydroponic growers for its inert properties, natural ability to hold water and ability to provide adequate oxygenation to plant roots.

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The idea of ​​growing marijuana in rockwool may seem strange to you at first. But with all the benefits, it is the best option for those who are just starting out in hydroponic gardening. No less strict than the others, rockwool media are completely free of organic materials. Also, the environment is clean and free from harmful metals.

Why bother looking at other growing mediums when rockwool is so perfect for growing cannabis? Rockwool is no exception to the norm; No medium is ideal. Rockwool’s impact on the environment is its main disadvantage. It cannot be recycled, is not biodegradable and is generally not produced sustainably.

rockwoolPhoto by Reni Purnama Sari/Getty Images

Pros and cons of rockwool planting


  • It can be used for both hydroponics and soil cultivation.
  • It’s not difficult to set up and maintain.
  • The growing environment is sterile, free of organic pollutants and metals.
  • It offers good drainage and easy rooting.
  • Warmth, humidity and darkness of rockwool cubes lead to great germination.


  • It is not an environmentally friendly method.
  • Stabilizing the water pH can be a serious problem.
  • Rockwool is neither sustainable nor biodegradable.

Growing cannabis in peat moss

Cannabis grown with peat moss increases the likelihood of a bountiful harvest and decreases the likelihood of failure. Both growers using soil and those using hydroponics can benefit from using peat moss as a fertilizer. However, don’t waste time if you plan to use peat moss in your nearby cannabis garden. Weeks are needed to prepare peat for gardening.

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The good news is that peat can be used to achieve the ideal pH for cannabis. An experienced grower understands the importance of pH balance. Peat moss can be used with alkaline soil amendments due to its acidic pH. This guarantees successful cultivation and efficient absorption of all necessary nutrients.

Pros and cons of using peat moss


  • Adds healthy nutrients.
  • Has promising water holding capacity.
  • Plays an important role in the acidification process.
  • Has excellent toughness properties and is contamination free.
  • Enriches the growth environment with beneficial microorganisms.


  • Takes a lot of time to prepare.
  • Can lead to soil compaction.
  • Raises sustainability concerns.

Cultivation of marijuanaPhoto by Cappi Thompson/Getty Images

Growing Cannabis in Coco + Perlite

Another alternative option that is very popular among cannabis enthusiasts is growing marijuana in coco coir. Before weed gardeners discovered how to use the coconut husk, it was considered a waste product. Its refined fiber provides a near-ideal environment for marijuana cultivation. This medium, which has an average pH of 6.5-7.0 and is oxygen-rich and excellent in water retention, is beneficial for both outdoor and indoor plants.

Cannabis grown by flushing in coco is the most environmentally friendly method. This process is fully recyclable and environmentally friendly. To increase your chances of a bountiful and successful harvest, you can choose to add specific cannabis perlite. Both soil and hydroponic farming schools advise using the obsidian supplement perlite. It stimulates root development, increases oxygen levels and reduces soil weight when applied to coco coir.

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Although it requires more work and knowledge, growing cannabis on coco coir gives significantly better results than growing in soil alone. As a next upgrade, try planting coco coir when ground growing is no longer difficult for you.

Choosing between peat moss and coconut fiber is more difficult. If you are a dedicated conservationist or are pressed for time, don’t hesitate to choose coir. Give peat moss a try if you enjoy gardening in general, strive for the best result, and have plenty of time to prepare the growing medium. Contrasting the properties of these media is a challenge. It is therefore preferable if you can study peat moss and coir in action to assess which result best suits your needs.

Pros and Cons of Coco + Perlite


  • The technique is simple.
  • Coco coir is as accessible as soil.
  • It is an absolutely environmentally friendly cultivation process.
  • Has a light structure that is better for root development.


  • Must be hydrated to activate.
  • Requires nutrients such as cannabis perlite.

bottom line

Different cannabis enthusiasts and growers have their preferred method of growing cannabis, with each method having its pros and cons, some more than others. Using these methods is acceptable, you just need to know the pros and cons and choose what is best for you.

This article originally appeared on Cannabis.net and has been republished with permission.

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